The term flora in Latin means “Goddess of the Flower. ” Flora is a collective term for a small grouping of plants found in a particular region. The whole plant kingdom is represented by this name.
Flora is classified and differentiated based on many factors. The best one in every of them is the area in which they grow or are only. Some grow in desert regions or in water, some are only in hilly areas while some are endemic to a specific geographic location.
According to the place at which they grow, they have changes also. For example, Cactus plants are naturally welcomed in deserts. They have changes like modified leaves or prickles to preserve water and protect themselves from predators.
The garden flora consists swallowtail caterpillar of plants developed by men for their use. Horticulture is the practice of growing pretty and decorative flowers which are also known as garden flora.
Read more: Flowers
Fauna represents youngster life native to a region. There are many details the origin of the word. Per Roman mythology, Fauna or “Faunus” is the name of the goddess of fertility. Another source is “Fauns” which means “Forest state of mind. “
Animal kingdom comprises of a variety of animal life forms. Hence the classification of fauna is much more complicated than the floral division. Therefore, for easy classification;
Birds are categorized in the name Avifauna while
Fish under Pisci Fauna.
Organisms including bacteria and virus are generally considered under animal kingdom, they are known as Microfauna.
All unknown and undiscovered animals are named as cryptofauna.
Since forever, there have been accounts of animals which have been thought to exist but have eluded the scientific community, thereby classifying them as cryptofauna or cryptids.
Most of these reports are just tall testimonies but until recently, a few have documented through actual evidence and scientific scrutiny. One such example is the large squid. This cryptid has been allegedly been sighted since the 17th and 18th century, often being specified in the diaries and logbooks of mariners.
It wasn’t prior to the 21st century and the certain proof was found in the form of a live specimen being entangled in a fishing net. It was taken in and studied by scientists who concluded that it was a new species of squid. Subsequently, there’s been undisputed confirmation about the existence of giant squids.
The earth is beautiful because of all these life forms. Other life forms depend on them for various resources and exploit them.
Efficiency of flora and fauna is thus required for future success. Biosphere supplies, national parks, zoos, and sanctuaries are few instances of the measures taken by the government for efficiency of flora and fauna. Another example is the Tiger project launched by the government of The indian subcontinent with the purpose of saving the tigers in the country from extinquishing.
Also Read: Difference between flora and fauna
Incredible importance of Flora and fauna
The flora and fauna are important for the following reasons:
Maintains Environmental Balance
Flora and fauna are very important for human existence. The flora liberates oxygen that is consumed by the fauna for the respiratory system activities. Fauna, in turn, liberates co2 fractional laser consumed by the flora for photosynthesis.
Flora and fauna hugely benefit mankind through its healing and food offerings. Animals take care of the harmony by predating on different plants and animals to balance their population on earth.
Animal waste contain fertilizer. The dead animals decay and act as supplement vitamins for other animals.
The flora and fauna spread across the earth contribute to the aesthetic value of the earth. People visit several biosphere supplies, national parks and zoos, forested acres, botanical gardens etc. to enjoy the wonder of points of interest. This explains the value of flora and fauna in our day to day lives.
Expansion of Local Economies
Flora and fauna contribute to the local economies through vacation. The flora and fauna of Amazon forested acres attract tourists and scientists which contributes to about 50 million dollars to the Brazilian economy.
Caribbean, Indonesia, Panama are other tourist locations that attract millions of people due to its widespread flora and fauna.
Flora and fauna of The indian subcontinent
The flora and fauna in The indian subcontinent are diverse with a variety of plants and animal varieties. The popular fauna of The indian subcontinent includes 500 different varieties of mammals, 2000 species of birds, 30. 000 types of pests and several varieties of fish, amphibians, and reptiles. Elephants, Regal Bengal Tiger, rhinos, bison, lions are some common fauna found in the country.
The indian subcontinent also contains a variety of flora that includes the Alpines, temperate forested acres, deciduous forested acres, evergreen forested acres, oaks, rhododendrons, pinus radiata, spruce, deodar, laurels, maples, bamboos and tall grasses.